Eco-Gardening: Nature & Wildlife Conservation - Right In Your Own Backyard

Eco-Gardening: Nature & Wildlife Conservation - Right In Your Own Backyard


Backyard Habitat

Forest Garden

The Easiest Vegetables to Grow


Gardening in an Environmentally Friendly Way

How we are managing our gardens affects the health of the soil, air, water and habitat for native wildlife - as well as the human community. Following are some sustainable gardening techniques that you can use to help conserve resources and wildlife.


Replace Invasive with Native Plants

Native plants provide a beautiful, hardy, drought resistant, low maintenance landscape while benefiting the environment.

Native plants, once established, save time and money by eliminating or significantly reducing the need for fertilizers, pesticides, water and lawn maintenance equipment.  They provide the following benefits:

  • Native flowers will attract native birds

  • They are stronger and more resilient to diseases

  • They are easier to care for as they have adapted to your climate and soil.

  • They help reduce air pollution by sequesting or removing carbon from the air. 

  • They provide shelter and food for wildlife

  • They are more cost-effective.
    • They save money as they require less water and fertilizers
    • The can save you money by producing organic food. Please refer to: Forest Gardens - The Garden of the Future?



Mulch helps keep water in the soil and available to the plant, rather than evaporating into the air. This can help you reduce your watering time. Also, as mulch breaks down, it provides nutrients to the soil. This can help reduce the need for fertilizer.


Reducing Lawn Areas and Replace with Native Plants

Lawns often require chemicals and if you used a gas-powered lawnmower, the engines in these machines are often very polluting. Since lawns are often made of only a few types of plants, they do not provide a lot of value for wildlife who benefit in ecosystems with diverse plants.



Xeriscaping is an approach to landscaping that minimizes outdoor water use while maintaining soil integrity through the use of native, drought-tolerant plants.


Rain Barrels

Rain barrels are used to collect rainwater for use during dry months. Besides helping the environment, an obvious reason for harvesting rainwater is to save money. Depending on the size of your house and the amount of rainfall in your area, you can collect a substantial amount of rainwater with a simple system.


Create a Backyard Habitat to Attract and Protect Wildlife


Gardening to Attract Birds


Build Your Own Pond - Step-by-Step Instructions



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